Some [filtered word] special African cultures

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Some [filtered word] special African cultures

The Culture of Africa encompasses and includes all cultures which were ever in the ontinent of Africa. The continent Africa was the birthplace of the hominin subfamily and the genus Homo, including eight species, of which only Homo sapiens survive. Human culture in Africa is as old as the human race, and includes Neolithic (10,000 BC) rock engravings, the glacial age petroglyphs (a carving or line drawing on rock, especially one made by prehistoric people) of early hunter-gatherers in the dry grasslands of North Africa, the Nomes of Egypt (3100 BC), and ancient Egypt.

Africa is one continent with several worlds. The continent of Africa covers an area of around 30 million square kilometers, one-fifth of the land mass of the Earth, and has more than 50 countries. Its geographical features are diverse and range from tropical wet or rain forest, with rainfall of 250 to 380 centimeters to tropical dry areas. Mount Kilimanjaro height 5895 meters) remains capped with snow all the year round, whereas the Sahara is the largest and the hottest desert on the earth. Africa has a diverse plant life ranging from scrub, savanna, desert shrub, and a variety of vegetation growing on mountains as well as in the tropical rain forests and deciduous forests. Like the nature, 800 million people of Africa have evolved a cultural milieu which is a tudy in contrast and have several dimensions.

Africa was the birthplace of the human species between 8 million and 5 million years ago. Today, the vast majority of its inhabitants are of indigenous origin. People across the continent are remarkably diverse by just about any measure: They speak a vast number of different languages, practice hundreds of distinct religions, live in a variety of types of dwellings, and engage in a wide range of economic activities.

Africa is home to innumerable tribes, ethnic and social groups, some representing very large populations consisting of millions of people, others are smaller groups of a few thousand. Some countries have over 20 different ethnic groups. All these tribes and groups have cultures which are different, but represent the mosaic of cultural diversity of Africa. Such tribes and ethnic/social groups include Afar, Anlo Ewe, Amhara, Arabs, Ashanti, Bakongo, ambara, Bemba, Berber, Bobo, Bushmen (San), Chewa, Dogon, Fang, Fon, Fulani, Igbo, Kikuyu  (Gikuyu) , Maasai, Mandinka, Pygmies, Samburu, Senufo, Tuareg, Tutsi, Wolof, Yoruba, and Zulu.

Africa has a rich tradition of arts and crafts. African arts and crafts find expression in a variety of woodcarvings, brass and leather art works. African arts and crafts also include sculpture, paintings, pottery, ceremonial and religious headgear and dress. African culture has always placed emphasis on personal appearance and jewelery has remained an important personal accessory. Many pieces of such jewelery are made of cowry shells and similar materials. Similarly, masks are made with elaborate designs and are important part of African culture. Masks are used in various ceremonies depicting ancestors and spirits, mythological characters and deities.

In most of traditional art and craft of Africa, certain themes significant to African culture ecur, including a couple, a woman with a child, a male with a weapon or animal, and an outsider or a stranger. Couples may represent ancestors, community founder, married couple or twins. The couple theme rarely exhibit intimacy of men and women. The mother with the child or children reveals intense desire of the African women to have children. The theme is also representative of mother earth and the people as her children. The man with the weapon or animal theme symbolizes honour and power. A stranger may be from some other tribe or someone from a different country, and relatively more distorted portrayal of the stranger indicates proportionately greater gap from the stranger.

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