Culture & Art

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6th Century manuscript

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Contemporary Ethiopian Painting in Traditional Style

 

 

In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, ed. by Svein Ege, Harald

Aspen, Birhanu Teferra and Shiferaw Bekele, Trondheim 2009

 

Contemporary Ethiopian Painting in Traditional Style Beginning and Change

Elisabeth Biasio1

Since its Christianization in the 4th century, Ethiopia has followed a tradition of Christian religious painting. Emperors, kings, feudal lords and high clerics were the main patrons of the painters. After the foundation of Addis Abäba, expatriates and tourists started to buy paintings, and in an urban context, art generally became subject to fundamental changes.

Traditional painting

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Civilization and Trades

Civilization and Trades

About 3300 BC, the historical record opens in Africa with the rise of literacy in the Pharaonic-ruled civilisation of Ancient Egypt, which continued, with varying levels of influence over other areas, until 343 BC. Prominent civilisations at different times include Carthage, the Kingdom of Aksum, the Nubian kingdoms, the empires of the Sahel (Kanem-Bornu, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai), Great Zimbabwe, and the Kongo.

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African languages

 African languages

By most estimates, Africa contains well over a thousand languages (some have estimated over two thousand), most of African origin and a few of European origin. Africa is the most polyglot continent in the world; it is not rare to find individuals there who fluently speak not only several African languages, but one or two European ones as well. There are four major

language families native to Africa. The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout East Africa, North Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia.

The Nilo-Saharan language family consists of more than a hundred languages spoken by 30 million people. Nilo-Saharan languages are mainly spoken in Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, and northern Tanzania. The Niger-Congo language family covers much of Sub-Saharan Africa and is probably the largest language family in the world in terms of different languages.

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Some [filtered word] special African cultures

Some [filtered word] special African cultures

The Culture of Africa encompasses and includes all cultures which were ever in the ontinent of Africa. The continent Africa was the birthplace of the hominin subfamily and the genus Homo, including eight species, of which only Homo sapiens survive. Human culture in Africa is as old as the human race, and includes Neolithic (10,000 BC) rock engravings, the glacial age petroglyphs (a carving or line drawing on rock, especially one made by prehistoric people) of early hunter-gatherers in the dry grasslands of North Africa, the Nomes of Egypt (3100 BC), and ancient Egypt.

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African religions

African religions

African traditional religion, otherwise referred to as African indigenous religion, encompasses cultural, religious, and spiritual manifestations indigenous to the continent of Africa. There is a multitude of religions within this category. Traditional African religions involve teachings, practices, and rituals that lend structure to African native societies. Traditional African societies reflect local conceptions of God(s) and the cosmos. Even within a single community there may be slightly different perceptions of the supernatural.

African traditionalists almost always acknowledge the existence of a high God or demiurge who created the universe (Ifa, Olorun, etc). Many traditional African stories speak of how God or God's son once lived among the people, but, when humans did something to give offense to God, the divine withdrew to the heavens.

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Politics in Tanzania

Politics in Tanzania

Politics of Tanzania takes place in a framework of a unitary presidential democratic republic, whereby the President of Tanzania is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The party system is nominated by the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Revolutionary State Party) The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Full independence came in December 1961 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922–1999), A socialist leader who led Tanganyika from colonial rule, was elected President in 1962. one of Africa’s most respected figures, Julius Nyerere was a politician of principle and intelligence. Known as Mwalimu (teacher), he had a vision of education that was rich with possibility.

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African original history

African original history

The History of Africa begins from the emergence of modern human beings to its current state as a politically developing continent. Africa's ancient historic period involves the rise of Egyptian civilization, the further development of societies outside the Nile River Valley and the interaction between them and civilizations outside of Africa. In the late 7th century North and East Africa were heavily influenced by the spread of Islam, leading to the Appearance of new cultures such as those of the Swahili people. This also lead to an increase in the Arab slave trade that would culminate in the 19th century.

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African prestigious religions and cultures:

African prestigious religions and cultures:

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